Printmaking Art

Intaglio Printing

The term "intaglio printing" describes all printing techniques in which the image is taken from ink-filled grooves.

This grooves can be made in a mechanical or chemical way. In the first case we speech about cold or dry techniques, in second case the techniques are called warm or wet. Today in the most cases the printmaking artist will combinig different techniques on the same plate for increasing the artistic expression. Sometimes it is not easy to recognizing in which way a printmaking artwork is made.

Before the printing process is starting the ink will spreaded out on the entire surface of the printing plate. After it the ink will carefully wiped out from the plane parts of the printing plate so that the ink remains in the grooves only.

The printing plate which is prepared in this way will be covered with a sheet of damp printing paper and a blanket. This things will be pressed together between the rolls of a printing press. The high pressure makes that force the paper into the grooves in order to take on the ink.

The grooves and the margins of the plate leaves a relief on the surface of the paper which is more or less strong in relation to the pressure during printing process and the thickness of the paper. This is an easily recognizable feature for the identification of any intaglio prints.

mechanical techniques chemical techniques
  • Copper Engraving
  • Steel Engraving
 
The ink will spreaded out on the printing plate The ink will spreaded out on the printing plate
The ink will wiped out from the surface of printing plate. The ink will wiped out from the surface of printing plate.
After the printing process the paper will lifted from the printing plate. After the printing process the paper will lifted from the printing plate.
Detail of the printed image:
colored area stands as a relief on the paper surface.