The etching in printmaking art

The Etching

Etching is an intaglio printmaking technique, which is developed from the formerly technique of copper engraving. It is used by artists for printing their ideas on paper since begin of the 16th. century.

The surface of the printing plate from metal were coated with a waxy ground, which is resistant to acid. After it the artist scratches this ground with a needle or any other suitable tool where he wants a line to appear in the finished piece, so exposing the bare metal.The plate is then dipped in a bath of acid, or has acid washed over it.The acid "bites" into the metal, where it is exposed, leaving behind lines sunk into the plate. The remaining ground is then cleaned off the plate.

In fact artists often combines etching with other intaglio techniques like engraving or aquatint.