Kunst der Originalgrafik

Artistic Classical Printing Methods

I want describe here exclusively printing methods and techniques, which are used exclusively for artistic works in the meaning of original art.

In each original printmaking art technique the artist is involved in creating the art on the printing surface and pulling and approving the prints. After it he is signing and numbering the edition. Original prints are smaller editions than mass-produced reproductions because the surfaces used are subject to wear during the printing.

Nevertheless today artists are using often modern printing or copying techniques to materialising their creative ideas. But this is not the subject of this website, because in this processes arising not a new aesthetic quality in direct relation to art.

There are three major printing methods used in original fine-art printmaking of multiple copies:

Intaglio Printing:

The principle of intaglio printing
In the printing plate grooves were made. They are filled with printing ink.
During the printing process a sheet of soft paper is pulled into the ink-filled grooves and the paper picks up the ink.

Relief Printing:

The principle of relief printing
From the matrix were cut away all these parts, which shall not appear on the print.
Then the original surface of the matrix is inked and it must be brought in firm contact with the printing material for picking up the print.

Planographic Printing:

The principle of planographic printing
That means printing from a flat surface, which is prepared with chemical method in this way, that only on the positive parts of the image, which is transfered on the surface of the printing plate, the ink will adhere.
Then the paper are pulled on the surface with a printing press and picks up the ink.